Wine, when consumed at moderate levels, can help manage type 2 diabetes, latest research reveals.
In a study reported in Annals of Internal Medicine, diabetic patients who sipped a glass of red wine every night achieved great improvement in cholesterol and cardiac health. The wine intake also helped improve their sleep quality.
People who possessed a slow alcohol- metabolism also achieved an improvement in sugar control after they took any type of wine- red or white. This was mainly due to the ability of ethanol in controlling glucose, researchers from the Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), said. However, patients who had a fast alcohol- metabolism did not achieve this benefit.
For the study, nearly 224 non-alcoholic diabetic patients, aged between 45 and 75, were asked to drink moderate levels (150 milliliters) of red wine, white wine or mineral water for a period of two years. The participants were also placed on a Mediterranean diet, which encourages consumption of higher levels of plant-based foods like vegetables, fruits, whole grains, legumes, nuts, olive oil and fish. However, the Mediterranean diet places some restrictions on consumption of red meat, sweets and saturated fats.
People who consumed red wine achieved an improvement in their lipid profile. The properties in red wine increases good cholesterol and apolipoprotein A1 – an important component of HDL cholesterol, the authors said.
“This long-term RCT suggests that initiating moderate wine intake, especially red wine, among well-controlled diabetics as part of a healthy diet is apparently safe and modestly decreases cardiometabolic risk,” the authors, while concluding their study, wrote. “The genetic interactions suggest that ethanol plays an important role in glucose metabolism, and red wine’s effects also involve nonalcoholic constituents.”
How much Red Wine should You Drink
One drink a day is the best limit for healthy women and old men aged above 65, according to experts from the Mayo Clinic in US. According to them, healthy men aged 65 or below can take up to two glasses of wine every day.
Red Wine: Some Research-Proven Health Benefits
Research has highlighted several health benefits associated with drinking red wine. Resveratrol in red wine has been known to protect the heart against deadly diseases and reduce the risk of blood clots. Apart from these, red wine also has been known to:
- Help fight obesity
- Fights cancer
- Improves memory
- Prevents dental cavities
- Helps improve immune system