Every year December 23 is observed as Farmer’s Day (Photo by Jose Aragones)
History of Farmer’s Day
National Farmer’s Day is observed every year in India on December 23. It is celebrated to honor the birth anniversary of Prime Minister Chaudhary Charan Singh. He was the 5th former Prime Minister of India and was considered as the leader of Farmers. He served the country as Prime Minister for a concise period from July 1979 to January 1980 and worked towards the farmers’ welfare and introduced farmer-friendly policies, which benefitted the farmers. He wrote books on farmers and their problems, outlining various solutions to improve the lives of the farmers.
Charan Singh founded the Kisan Trust on December 23, 1978. In 1939, he introduced the Debt Redemption Bill to give farmers relief from the moneylenders. He served as the Agriculture minister in 1952 and abolished the zamindari system. Later in 1953, the Consolidation of Holdings Act was also passed. Therefore, in 2001, the government decided to mark Charan Singh’s birth anniversary as Farmer’s Day or Kisan Diwas.
Significance of Farmer’s Day
India is regarded as an agriculture-dominated country. There is a significant population of farmers having agriculture as their primary source of income. India has rich and resourceful land, which made it possible for Indians to adopt farming. Despite being the most eminent way of life, not many people are aware of their problems. People remain ignorant concerning the vital information about farmers of the country.
Poor planning, overpopulation, and the fact that the government focuses on other industrial sectors have made farming unattractive. Therefore, the Farmer’s day celebrations work on educating people about these issues and empowering the farmers themselves with the agricultural sector’s latest and innovative learnings.
On Farmer’s day, several forums, discussions, and competitions are organized to discuss farmers’ various issues and cultivation and raise awareness about farmers and their role in the economy.